Grape Varietals

Alexandrouli

Alexandrouli is an important red grape variety grown in Georgia. Often blended with Mujuretuli, it produces a medium-bodied, semi-dry wine known as Khvanchkara.

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Blatina

Blatina

A red variety primarily grown in the Herzegovina region of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It produces spicy wines with notes of black wild berries and coffee.

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Blaufränkisch

Blaufränkisch

Known as Kékfrankos in Hungary, Frankovka in Croatia, also as Lemberger in Germany and Washington State, USA. The name Blaufränkisch (literally "blue Franconian") dates from medieval times when high-quality grape varieties were classified as "Franconian" (fränkisch). This black dark berried grape variety is widely planted in Austria and Central Europe. It produces dark crimson, almost mid-night blue wine of powerful character, with vibrant acidity, firm tannins and zesty fruit flavors of...

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Blauer Wildbacher

Blauer Wildbacher

A red variety grown only in the Steiermark, especially the Weststeiermark. It is the only grape allowed in the production of Schilcher.

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Boğazkere

Boğazkere

(Pronunciation: Bow-aahz-keh-reh) Boğazkere is the most tannic grape of Turkey and literally translates to “Throat Scratcher”. ORIGIN (Sub Region)
: Southeastern Anatolia (Diyarbakır) COLOR: Dark ruby to purple. PALATE: Full-body, high dense tannins, medium acidity, similar to Tannat, dark berries. STYLES: It is usually blended with other grapes, mainly Öküzgözü. Climate: The grape prefers hot and dry climates and relatively higher altitudes. It is quite resistant to...

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Bogdanjuša

An ancient variety indigenous to Hvar island, grown today in the Ager area. Bogdanjuša is a well-regarded white variety that can be relied on to produce quality wines. A prolific grower, it gives reliable and good yields. It ripens in the third period. Normally used to produce monovarietal wines, but also a great team player in white blends. The name means “a godsend” (Bogom dana), which is explained by its traditional use during church holidays and festivities.

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Cabernet Sauvignon

The king of red wines, Cabernet Sauvignon is the most popular and renowned red wine grape variety. Like Chardonnay, Cabernet Sauvignon is planted everywhere and styles are defined as much by individual winemakers and vineyards as by regions. Cabernet Sauvignon's flavor, structure, and longevity make it so popular. It has an aroma of cherry and cedar, with an unusual complexity of flavors—cherry, black currant (cassis), blackberry, raspberry, mint, eucalyptus and black pepper. Cabernet...

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Chardonnay

Chardonnay, an international grape variety, is everywhere. It's the most adaptable grape and is planted extensively throughout the world. Its wide range of climates, soils and winemakers produce a diverse spectrum of Chardonnay wines. Chardonnay's flavors can range from minerally, racy fruit tasting of green apples in un-oaked wine, or if vinifed differently, very powerful and rich in extracts with flavors of pineapple, ripe melon, some toast from the oak, butterscotch and butter. Its wines...

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Chinebuli

Grape clusters are big, cylindrical,thin-skinned berries with a fleshy, juicy pulp. Also known as Chinuri, the Chinebuli grape is found only in Georgia. Chinebuli grapes are primarily used in the making of premium sparkling wines

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Chinuri

Light and crip white variety from Georgia with floral aromas.

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Furmint

Furmint

The most notable white wine grape variety grown in Tokaj region of Hungary. It is renowned as the main ingredient in the famous Tokaji dessert wines. The grape is a thin skinned, early budding and late ripening variety which makes it particularly susceptible to botrytis, causing the famous shriveled berries with their concentrated sugars and flavors. Dry vinified Furmint has a bright, golden yellow color with greenish tints, a fruity bouquet reminiscent of ripe apples and hay with hints of...

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Grüner Veltliner

The versatile Grüner Veltliner is the most important grape variety grown in Austria. It covers over one third of the Austrian vineyards. The spectrum of the Grüner Veltliner is sweeping, extending from lively, fresh peppery wines that are best drunk young to more concentrated, structured wines rich in extracts that bring out the white pepper aroma of the grape with a touch of citrus and honey. These wines can age well.

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Hárslevelü

Hárslevelü means "linden tree leaf," and refers to the shape of the grape leaves of this Tokaj white wine grape. It has a pale greenish straw yellow color with highly aromatic fruity, aroma. Hárslevelü is the second component in Hungary's renowned Tokaj dessert wines, adding its spicy perfumed character. Hárslevelü also makes a lovely dry, soft white table wine, rich in flavor and bottled after maturation in wooden casks. Its delicate elderflower and lime tree blossom notes demonstrate...

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Juhfark

Juhfark is a Hungarian white wine grape variety, most prominently grown in the volcanic wine region of Somló in northwest Hungary. The name in Hungarian means sheep's tail, referring to the elongated, cylindrical shape of the clusters.

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Kadarka

Kadarka

A native Balkan wine, it was believed to have been brought to Hungary by the Serbs in the 16th Century. It was extremely popular in the 19th Century but was almost completely eliminated under communism. It makes an excellent red wine. While the wine is on the paler side owing to lower tannins, its acids are vigorous and well balanced. It produces complex flavors such as black pepper, cherry jam and cloves and spices. It is one of the key constituents of Bikavér (Bull's Blood) and is...

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Karasakız

A red grape variety native of Turkey producing low-acid red and rosé wines with soft tannins and flavors of red fruits.

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Kınalı Yapıncak

A white grape with reddish freckles grown in Thrace.

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Kéknyelű

Kéknyelű is a white Hungarian wine grape planted primarily in the Badacsony wine region near Lake Balaton. The grape produces full bodied, smokey wines.

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Khikhvi

The origins of Khikhvi’s name are unknown and not hypothesized, but it grows widely in eastern Georgia, especially in Kakheti it originated. Most plantings are on the East-Southeast reaches of the province, on the right bank of the Alazani River. The vine sports large leaves, which are three-lobed, circular and almost round. Its medium-sized bunches are conical, winged, and somewhat loose, with medium-sized, greenish-yellow, thin-skinned berries. Budburst occurs in the first half of April...

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Kisi

This white grape variety is mainly found in Eastern Georgia. It produces complex deep golden yellow wines either made the classic European way or the traditional qvevri-fermented way.

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Kövérszőlő

Kövérszőlő, also known as Fehérszőlő (the fat grape) originated in Transylvania but also found a home in Tokaji and in neighboring Romania. In the mid 1800’s Phylloxera nearly wiped it out, but a few plantings survived and it’s slowly making a comeback thanks to a handful of growers. Big berried, early ripening, and high in potential sugar made it historically ideal for Aszú production, but with extensive pruning, crop management, and picking early, Botrytis (Noble Rot) can be...

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Krakhuna

Krakhuna, which means “crispy” in local Imeretian dialect, is grown mainly in the region of Imereti.

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Krstač

A premium white wine of golden yellow color with greenish a tinge of greenish translucence. It is a light, easy drinking wine with a distinct aromas from the varietal. Krstač is autochtonous Montenegrin variety, grown since ancient times in the vineyards in and around Podgorica, the capital of Montenegro. The grain and shape of the grape clusters will often take the shape of a cross, thus the derivation of the name. It is grown in the micro climate of Nikolj Crkva in an area called,...

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Malvasia

Malvasia is a group of grape varieties grown mostly in Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Corsica, and Spain which most likely originated in Greece. Malvazija Istarska is one of the main white wines of Croatian Istria and the north Dalmatian coast. In Slovenian Istria, it is grown in the Koper wine district. Typically, Malvasia produces deep colored, aromatic wines.

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Mtsvane

This Georgian grape variety is often blended with Rkatsiteli, adding fruity aromas to the blend. In Georgian, Mtsvani means new, young and green.

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Mujuretuli

Mujuretuli is a red grape variety mostly grown in Georgia. Often blended with Alexandrouli, it produces a medium-bodied, semi-dry wine.

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Ojaleshi

Red grape cultivated on the mountain slopes overhanging the banks of the Tskhenis-Tskali river, particularly in the Orbeli village and Samegrelo district of Western Georgia.

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Öküzgözü

Öküzgözü

(Pronunciation: Oh-cooz-goe-zue) Native to Eastern Anatolia, Öküzgözü derives its name from large dark berries that resemble a “bull’s eye”. ORIGIN (Sub Region)
: Eastern Anatolia (Elazığ) COLOR: Light ruby red similar to Pinot Noir. PALATE: Medium body, red fruit dominant delicate bouquet, medium tannins, high acidity. STYLES: Usually blended with Boğazkere. Climate: Cold winters and hot dry summers. The vineyards at Elazığ are 850-1100 meters high. Keban and...

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Otskhanuri Sapere

Otskhanuri Sapere

Otskhanuri Sapere is linked to Otskhana, a village in western Georgia hence meaning “Otskhana’s colorful.” Considered to be one of the oldest Georgian varieties, Otskhanuri Sapere grows only in the western part of the country, mostly in Racha-Lechkhumi and Imereti. Otskhanuri Sapere has medium size leaves with three or five lobes; the teeth are triangular with sharp tips. Its medium-sized bunches are cylindrical-conical, composed of various-sized small and medium round berries. The...

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Pinela

Pinela is a rare grape variety from in the Vipava Valley in Primorje, Slovenia. It produces wines that are fruity and refreshing and moderate in alcohol and acidity.

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Pinot Blanc

Weissburgunder in Austria & Germany A white grape from Burgundy, Pinot Blanc is often mistaken for Chardonnay. Its stronghold is in Central Europe and Alsace. The wine is characterized by a delicate bouquet with a fresh, yeasty, appley aroma. Its similarly restrained flavors are of apples and pears, walnut and hazelnut. Austrian Weissburgunder is usually vinifed as a powerful but harmonious white wine rich in extracts with a fine almond-like taste and piquant acidity. Most wines are full...

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Pinot Noir

The famous grape of Burgundy, Pinot Noir distinguishes itself among all red wine grapes with its elegance and sensuousness. A finicky grape, it is a challenge to grow. It was brought to Austria by monks in 1394. Pinot Noir is light in color. It has a discreet bouquet, elegant, soft tannins, a harmonious and velvety body, often with smoky cherry character. Despite its delicate structure it ages very well. Pinot Noir is chameleon like. When young, it shows the simpler fruity characteristics of...

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Plavac Mali

Plavac Mali

An native grape to Croatia that is grown almost exclusively in the region of Dalmatia. The name literally means, "little blue" in Croatian, which refers to the small, bluish grapes that the vines grow. The wine is actually a hybrid that descends from Crljenak Kaštelanski and Dobričić and is a cousin to Vranac. The former wine is the Croatian version of what is known as Primitivo in Italy and Zinfandel in California. Plavac...

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Pošip

Pošip

Pošip is a native autochtonic Dalmatian variety without proven foreign antecedents. Some oenologists indicate Pošip's possible relation to Furmint, the white grape most renowned for its contribution to the delicious wines of Hungary's Tokaj region.

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Riesling

Riesling is one of the world's great white-wine grapes. This German grape variety is notable for being able to produce stunning sweet wines (Eiswein, Beerenauslese and Trockenbeerenauslese) as well as dry ones. The Riesling grape’s ability to retain its piercing acidity while balancing intense sweetness creates wines with enormous aging potential. Riesling wines are delicate but complex. The elegant multi-layered bouquet usually has delicate notes of peaches, apricots and citrus fruits. The...

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Rkatsiteli

One of the oldest grape varieties, it is mostly planted in its ancestral home of Georgia.

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Sagrantino

Sagrantino is a red Italian grape variety grown primarily in the village of Montefalco in Umbria. It produces deeply colored, full-bodied wines with the highest levels of polyphenols (such as tannins) of any grape.

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Saperavi

Saperavi

This dark-red grape (the name means paint, dye) is native to Georgia and one of the oldest varieties from the region. Most of the notable Georgian wines are made exclusively or predominately with Saperavi grapes.

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Sauvignon Blanc

This international variety is a distinctive dry white wine with a racy acidity and an instantly recognizable aroma of cut grass. Sauvignon Blanc is a very fresh, zesty wine with a taste of herbs, hay, grass, kiwi, lime and green peppers. It is an elegant, fruity wine of unmistakable character that also ages well in the medium term often developing flavors of white stone fruit: peaches and nectarines. Crisp all-around food wine

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Shavkavpito

A rediscovered indigenous Georgian variety characterized by plum and cherry aromas and spices.

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Sylvaner

This grape variety, which is very popular in the German wine-growing areas of Franconia (Franken) and Rhinehesse (Rheinhessen) produces light, soft wines with more herbal spice than primary fruit aromas. Sylvaner shows dry, slightly earthy fruit, good crisp green apple peel acidity and lightness. It has reticent fruity notes with echoes of pears, sometimes with leathery or nutty spice notes. The wine’s character is subtle and gently earthy, it reflects the subtleties of its terroir. A...

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Tavkveri

Dark-skinned grape native to the Republic of Georgia. Produces a light, dry, red wine with red-berry aromas.

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Teran

Teran

Teran or Refošk (Slovenia) is a dark-skinned grape variety from the Refosco family that primarily grows in the Slovenian Primorska wine region, northeastern Italy, and in Western Istria in Croatia. When grown in iron-rich Terra Rossa (Red Earth), Teran acquires a particularly distinctive flavor. Compared to Refosco, it ripens later with a more pronounced fruit and higher iron content.

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Tsitska

Tsitska from Georgia's Imereti region, is ideal for sparkling wine production.

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Tsolikouri

A white grape indigenous to Northern Georgia. It produces wines with floral aromas similar to Muscat and Gewurtztraminer.

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Vranac

An ancient variety of grape that is native to Macedonia and Montenegro which produces a dry red wine, typical of the region. It is a cousin to Plavac Mali. Young fruit has a vibrant purple hue to to it mellows in to ruby colors after one to two years of aging. As the wine ages, it gets more complex, developing flavors and aromas of cinnamon, chocolate, licorice, and herbs. It is a wine that takes very well to oak...

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Welschriesling

Although it is not related to the true Riesling of Germany, this old grape variety is well suited for the continental climate of Central Europe where it's extensively cultivated. It produces a straw-blond wine, with flashes of green. It is a light wine with a flowery aroma, with good roundness and acidity. For the most part Welschriesling wines are fresh, fruity and best enjoyed in their youth; but the variety can also produce a delightful rich trockenbeerenauslese dessert wine with lasting...

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Žilavka

Žilavka

The indigenous white Žilavka (zhee-lav-ka) is ideally suited to the Mediterranean climate and limestone plateaus of Citluk where it has been grown for over a 1000 years. Additional information on Žilavka: Žilavka and Blatina - Wine and more

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Žlahtina

Žlahtina

Žlahtina is a Croatian autochthonous white variety, mostly grown on the island of Krk. It produces light, refreshing white wines with floral and white fruit aromas.

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Zweigelt

Zweigelt is named for the Austrian plant-breeder Prof. Zweigelt, who created this successful cross of Blaufränkisch and St. Laurent (a Pinot Noir like Austrian grape). It is Austria’s most planted red grape variety. Zweigelt produces a soft, jammy, full-bodied cherry fruited wine with a delicate spice and an attractive pepper tingle. Zweigelt characteristics are cherry notes, velvety body, and soft tannins. It ranges from a light table wine with a pronounced fruity bouquet to be enjoyed in...

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